Brief About Commonwealth Games :
Commonwealth games : The Commonwealth Games are an international multi-sport event involving athletes from the Commonwealth of nations. The event was first held in 1930 officially, and has taken place every four years since then (with the exception of 1942 and 1946, which were cancelled due to the second world war. The most recent Commonwealth games were held at Gold coast from 4 to 15 April 2018. The next commonwealth games are to be held in Birmingham from 27 July to 7 August 2022. The Commonwealth Games were known as the British Empire Games from 1930 to 1950, the British Empire and Commonwealth Games from 1954 to 1966, and British Commonwealth Games from 1970 to 1974. It is the world’s first multi-sport event to implement equal number of women’s and men’s medal events and was started in the recent Commonwealth Games 2018.
Commonwealth Games 2018 :
The 2018 Commonwealth Games (officially known as the XXI Commonwealth Games and commonly known as Gold Coast 2018) has been concluded recently in Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia. It is the fifth time Australia has hosted the Commonwealth Games. The Motto of CWG 2018 is “Share the Dream”. ‘Borobi’ was named as the mascot of the 2018 Commonwealth Games in 2016. Borobi is a blue koala, with indigenous markings on its body.
Some points to be remembered about Commonwealth Games 2018
- PV Sindhu was the flag bearer for the inauguration ceremony.
- MC Mary Kom was the flag bearer for the concluding ceremony
- Beach Volleyball, Para Triathlon and Women’s Rugby Sevens will make their Commonwealth Games debuts and for the first time at a Commonwealth Games
- Scotland entered first in the opening ceremony of CWG, 2018
- Australia entered first in the opening ceremony of CWG, 2018
- France was not participated in CWG,2018
- Five times Australia has hosted Commonwealth games
- Australia finished first in the medals tally with 198 medals (gold-80,silver-59,bronze-59)
- England stood second with 136 medals (Gold – 45,Silver-45,Bronze-46)
- India finished third in the medals tally with 66 medals (gold-26,silver-20,bronze-20)
- Judo was dropped from 2018 Commonwealth games
- CWG 2018 welcomed more than 6,600 athletes and team officials from 71 Commonwealth Nations.
- CWG – 2018 comprising 275 events 19 sports.
List of Medals won by top 10 countries in the CWG – 2018:
Important things to be remembered about India’s performance at Commonwealth Games:
India finished third in the medals tally at the Commonwealth Games 2018, courtesy 66 medals including 26 gold, 20 silver and 20 bronze medals. 218 participants were represented India at 2018 Commonwealth games.Till now total medals won by India are 504. Maximum medals won by India in a single game are 101. India won Maximum gold medals in shooting.
India at Commonwealth Games 2018:
India’s combined 66 medals is its third-best showing in the history of the Games. India’s best remains 101 in New Delhi (2010), followed by 69 in Manchester (2002). India bettered its showing in Glasgow 2014, where we finished fifth overall, by just two medals. In Glasgow, India claimed 15 Gold, 30 Silver and 19 Bronze.
In table tennis, Manika Batra picked up medals in all events she competed in- Singles Gold, Women’s Doubles Gold, Women’s Team Gold and rounding off the Games with Mixed Doubles Bronze. Batra made history by becoming the first Indian woman to win an individual table tennis Gold at the Games.
India’s maximum medals came from shooting (16), followed by wrestling (12) and weightlifting (9).
Teenager Deepak Lather from Haryana became the youngest (18 Years) Indian weightlifter to claim a Commonwealth Games medal, clinching a Bronze in the men’s 69kg category. Indian shooter Anish Bhanwala, aged 15, created history by becoming the country’s youngest ever Gold medal winner in the Commonwealth Games, in the men’s 25m rapid fire pistol.
Neeraj Chopra from Haryana became the first Indian javelin thrower to claim a Gold medal at the Games. His medal is only the fifth track-and-field Gold for India at the Commonwealth Games — the other four being Milkha Singh (1958), discus thrower Krishna Poonia (2010), the women’s 4x400m relay quartet of Manjeet Kaur, Sini Jose, Ashwini Akkunji and Mandeep Kaur (2010) and shot-putter Vikas Gowda (2014).
The Gold medal won by India’s mixed badminton team is the country’s first in that category at the Games. Saina Nehwal became the first Indian to win two singles Golds at the Games after defeating PV Sindhu. Saina had also won the title in 2010 in New Delhi. The Indian badminton contingent’s total of seven medals (2 Gold, 3 Silver and 2 Bronze) turned out to be the best performance by any Indian badminton team at the Games.
Weightlifter Mirabai Chanu, who claimed India’s first Gold, in the Women’s 48 kg, broke three Games records in the ‘snatch’ section, the ‘clean and jerk’ and the overall Games record.