Brief About The Highest Civilian Awards of Different Countries
The Civilian awards are the most respected. It is the highest honour that can be received by any laudable citizen. Civilian Awards are those awards which are conferred to ordinary persons for their Distinguished service in various fields viz Science, Arts, Literature etc. It can also bestowed to an individual who has shown great initiative for betterment of Public, Society, Region, state or country by any means. Highest Civilian awards carry great reputation and recognition throughout the world. For example “Bharat Ratna “ is the greatest civilian award of India while Nishan-e-Pakistan highest civilian award of Pakistan. The List Below explains The Highest Civilian Awards of Different Countries.
Highest Civilian Awards of Different Countries – Australia
Order of Australia is the Highest Civilian award of Australia. This order was established on 14 February in the year 1975 by Queen Elizabeth II. There are five different categories of this award namely – i) Knight and Dame of the Order of Australia, ii) Companion of The Order of Australia, iii) Officer of the Order of Australia, iv) Member of the Order of Australia, v) Medal of The Order of Australia. The insignia shows golden wattle flower on convex disc which is mounted with Crown of Saint Edward on Top.
Order of Canada is the highest civilian award of Canada. This order was established on 17 April in the year 1967. It is conferred to those Canadians who have shown great achievements and provided distinguished service for betterment of Canada and Humanity. Order of Canada can also conferred to foreign nationals who have worked for betterment of humanity in General and for Canada in Particular. There are three categories of this award – i) Companion of Order of Canada, ii) Officer of Order of Canada, iii) Member of Order of Canada in descending order of their recognition importance . The insignia represents 6 hexagonal leaves in hexagonal design bearing a white disc in center. The disc contains maple leaf which is which is made of red gilt for companions, Golden for officers, Silver for Members. The chest ribbon is same red and white stripes for all categories.
Order of Isabella the Catholic (Orden de Isabel la Católica) is the highest civilian award of Spain. It is conferred to not only to Spaniards but also to foreign nationals. This award was established in the year 1815 by King Ferdinand VII in memory of Queen Isabella. It is conferred to those persons who deliver distinguished services for the betterment of mainland Spain or overseas territories of Spain.
Legion of Honour is the highest Civilian/Military decoration. It can be conferred to both civilians as well as military persons for their exceptional performance in either civilian military role. This award has 5 categories with different grade and rank. These categories in descending order of their rank are – i) Grand gross, ii) Grand Officer, iii) Commander, iv) Officer, V) Knight.
Highest Civilian Awards of Different Countries – Japan
Order of Rising Sun is the highest civilian/military award of Japan. It is Conferred to those who have shown their exemplary achievement in civil matters or outstanding performance in military. This award was started by Emperor Meji in 1875. The insignia represents rising sun in red color and its rays in golden yellow. There are two more categories of this award which are known as Grand Cordon and Second Class imperial Order. Non Japanese had also received this award.
Bharat Ratna is the highest civilian award of Republic India.This award was first awarded in the year 1954.The award was originally limited to achievements in Literature, Science, Arts and Public Services, later on Government of India expanded criteria and included all the fields. It is conferred to various civilians for exceptional achievements in fields of Arts, Science,Literature, Government service, Social and Environmental cause. First recipients of this award are C Rajagopala chari , S Radhakrishnan and C V Raman. The two foreigners who had received this award are Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan and Nelson Mandela.
Presidential Medal of Freedom is the highest civilian award of US. This award is conferred by the President of United States. It is bestowed for exemplary work towards betterment of public, Society, National safety in general and peace, art, science, media, Government service, Education, Culture etc. in particular. Not only civilians but army personals also eligible for this award. This award was started in year 1963. The insignia represents five pointed golden star with pentagon in red colour in the background. The navy blue center- disc bears 13 stars. The base encompasses 5 no. golden bald eagles. First persons to receive Presidential Medal of Freedom – John F Kennedy, Andrew Wyeth, Thornton Wilder, E B White, Edmund Wilson, Marian Anderson etc.
Nishan-e-Pakistan is the highest civilian award conferred to the civilian by Government of Pakistan. It is conferred for distinguished role in betterment of Pakistan in International relations, service to country and society. Popular foreigners who were conferred with this award are Morarji Desai (1990), Hu Jintao (2006), Xi Jinping (2015). First person to receive this award was Queen Elizabeth II of United Kingdom in the year 1960. The other civilian awards which comes after in merit of Nishan-e-Pakistan are Hilal-e-Pakistan, Sitara-e-Pakistan and Tamgha-e-Pakistan.
List of Highest Civilian Awards of Different Countries :
|COUNTRY||NAME OF THE AWARD|
|Afghanistan||The Amir Amanullah Khan|
|Australia||Order of Australia|
|Argentina||The Order of Sona Martin|
|Bangladesh||Bangladesh Freedom Honour (Bangladesh Swadhinta Sammanona)|
|Bhutan||Order of Great Victory of Thunder Dragon|
|Brazil||Order of Southern Cross|
|Britain||Member of British Empire, Victoria Cross|
|Canada||Order of Canada|
|Cambodia||Royal Order of Cambodia|
|China||Order of Brilliant Jade|
|Denmark||Order of Diana Brog|
|France||Legion of Honour(National Order of Legion of Honour)|
|Germany||Order of Merit of The Federal Republic of Germany|
|Indonesia||Star of Republic of Indonesia|
|Hungary||Order of Banner|
|Japan||Order of Rising Sun|
|Nepal||Jewel of Nepal|
|Newzealand||Order of Newzealand|
|Norway||Order of St. Olav|
|Philippines||Quezon Service Cross|
|Poland||Cross of Merit|
|Republic of Ivory Coast||National Order of The Republic of Ivory Coast|
|Russia||Order of The Saint Andrew The Apostle|
|Saudi Arabia||The Order of Abdullah|
|Spain||Order of Isabella The Catholic|
|Sri lanka||Pride of Srilanka|
|Turkey||Order of Democracy|
|United Kingdom||Order of Merit|
|USA||Presidential Medal of Freedom|
|Vietnam||Order of Golden Star|