National Symbols of India :
Hello readers, Here we are came up with good and interesting topic National Symbols of India. As an Indian we should know our National flag, National emblem, National game, National tree, our national Animal, National Bird and so on. So guys go through this interesting topic and make use of it.
List of National Symbols :
Brief Note on National Symbols of India
The Emblem of India is an adaptation from the Sarnath Lion Capital of Ashoka. Emperor Ashoka the Great, erected the capital to mark the spot where Gautama Buddha first taught the Dharma, and where the Buddhist Sangha was founded. In the original, there are four lions, standing back to back, mounted on an abacus with a frieze carrying sculptures in high relief of an elephant, a galloping horse, a bull and a lion separated by intervening wheels over a bell-shaped lotus. Carved out of a single block of polished sandstone, the capital is crowned by the Wheel of the Law (Dharmacakra).
The Indian flag was designed as a symbol of freedom. The flag is a horizontal tricolor in equal proportion of deep saffron on the top, white in the middle and dark green at the bottom. The ratio of the width to the length of the flag is 2:3.In the centre of the white band, there is a wheel in navy blue to indicate the Dharma Chakra, the wheel of law in the Sarnath Lion Capital. Its diameter approximates the width of the white band and it has 24 spokes. The saffron stands for courage, sacrifice and the spirit of renunciation; the white, for purity and truth; and the green for faith and fertility. The late Prime Minister Nehru called it “a flag not only of freedom for ourselves, but a symbol of freedom to all people.”
National Calendar : Saka calendar
Saka calendar was introduced by the Calendar Committee in 1957. Usage officially started at 1 Chaitra 1879 Saka Era, or 22 March 1957
National Anthem : Jana Gana Mana
Jana Gana Mana by Rabindranath Tagore was officially adopted by the Constituent Assembly as the Indian national anthem on 24 January 1950.
National Song : Vande Mataram
The first two verses of Vande Mataram by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee was adopted as the National song of India in 1950. “Vande Mataram” was sung during the 1896 session of the Indian National Congress by Rabindranath Tagore.
Oath of Allegiance : National Pledge
It was written in Telugu by Pydimarri Venkata Subba Rao in 1962. Central Advisory Board on Education directed that the pledge to be sung in Schools and that this practice to be introduced by 26 January 1965.
National Fruit : Mango
The fruit Mango is one of the most widely cultivated fruits of the tropical world. This juicy, delicious fruit is a rich source of Vitamins A, C and D. In India there are hundreds of varieties of mangoes, in different sizes, shapes and colours etc. The famous Indian poet Kalidasa sang its praises. King Alexander relished its taste, as did the Chinese traveler Hieun Tsang. Akbar, the Moghal emperor planted over 100,000 mango trees in Darbhanga, known as Lakhi Bagh(India).
National Vegitable : Meetha Kaddu (Pumpkin)
Kaddu, also called Indian Pumpkin is the most popular vegetable in India. It looks like a pumpkin but has the taste and texture of butternut squash. The most common curried dish is called ‘Meetha Kaddu‘, sweet pumpkin dry curry.
National River : Ganga
Ganga is the longest river of India with the most heavily populated river basin in the world. The river is revered by Hindus as the most sacred river on earth.
National Flower : Lotus
The Lotus or waterlily is an aquatic plant of Nymphaea with broad floating leaves and bright fragrant flowers that grow only in shallow waters. The leaves and flowers float and have long stems that contain air spaces. The big attractive flowers have many petals overlapping in a symmetrical pattern. The root functions are carried out by rhizomes that fan out horizontally through the mud below the water. Lotuses, prized for their serene beauty, are delightful to behold as their blossoms open on the surface of a pond. In India it is legendary and much folklore and religious mythology is woven around it.
National Tree : Indian banyan (Ficus bengalensis)
Indian banyan root themselves to form new trees and grow over large areas. Because of this characteristic and its longevity, this tree is considered immortal and is an integral part of the myths and legends of India.
National Animal : Royal Bengal tiger
Tiger (Panthera Tigris, Linnaeus) is the national animal of India. Tiger is also called the lord of Jungles. As the national animal of India, tiger symbolizes India’s wildlife wealth. The rare combination of grace, strength, agility and enormous power has earned the tiger great respect and high esteem. India is home to nearly half of the total population of tigers. The government of India launched the Project Tiger in 1973 to protect the royal animal.
National Aquatic animal / National fish of India : Ganges river dolphin
The river dolphin is a freshwater or river dolphin found in the Indian subcontinent which is split into two subspecies, the Ganges river dolphin and the Indus river dolphin. The Ganges river dolphin has a sturdy, yet flexible, body with large flippers and a low triangular dorsal fin. It weighs up to 150kg. The calves are chocolate brown at birth and become grayish brown in adulthood with a smooth and hairless skin. Females are larger than males. It can only survive in pure and fresh water.
National Bird : Indian peacock
The male bird of species Pavo cristatus, the peacock is a native of India, with striking plumage and upper tail converts marked with iridescent ocelli, and able to expand its tail erect like fan as ostentatious display. Peacocks are related to pheasants. It is a colorful, swan-sized bird, with a fan-shaped crest of feathers, a white patch under the eye and a long, slender neck. The male of the species is more colorful than the female, with a glistening blue breast and neck and a spectacular bronze-green train of around 200 elongated feathers. The female is brownish, slightly smaller than the male, and lacks the train.
National Sweet : Jalebi
Jalebi, also known as Zulbia, is a sweet popular in countries of South Asia, the West Asia, North Africa (except Morocco). It is made by deep-frying a wheat flour (maida flour) batter in pretzel or circular shapes, which are then soaked in sugar syrup.
National Game : Hockey
We have read in our text books that HOCKEY is the national game of INDIA. But, to a sudden surprise Hockey is not the national game of India, revealed by Union ministry of youth affairs in a recent RTI filed by a 10 year old girl. India has no national game.
National Currency : Indian Rupee
The Indian rupee symbol is derived from the Devanagari consonant “र” (ra) and the Latin letter “R” was adopted in 2010. Udaya Kumar Dharmalingam (assistant professor at IIT Guwahati) born 10 October 1978 in Kallakurichi, Tamil Nadu is the designer of the Indian rupee sign. His design was selected from among five short listed symbols. According to Udaya Kumar the design is based on the Indian tricolour.
National Reptile : King Cobra
King Cobra is the national reptile of India. It is consider a sacred animal in Indian culture. They are found almost every part of Indian subcontinent.
National Heritage Animal : Indian Elephant
Indian Elephant is the national heritage animal of India since October 22, 2010. India’s Environment Ministry has declared the elephant a National Heritage Animal in order to increase protective measures for the country’s nearly 29,000 elephants.“Declaring it the National Heritage Animal will give it due place as emblem of ecological sensitivity. It will also mark recognition for its centrality in our plural cultures, traditions and oral lore “ the task force wrote in its report.
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