Nuclear Power Plants in India

Nuclear Power Plants in India

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Nuclear Power Plants in India

List of nuclear power plants in India is an important general awareness topic for UPSC, SSC, MBA , Bank PO and other competitive exams. This list includes nuclear power plant in India with their capacity. Every year in UPSC and Bank exams at least one question is asked from Nuclear power plants in India. All important points about Nuclear plants in India have been explained below in brief. Before you mug up the list let us first understand some important points regarding nuclear power plants in India.

Nuclear power plants in india

Brief Note on Nuclear Power Plants in India:

India, Nuclear power holds the fourth position among the different resources of electricity, Thermal, hydro and renewable resources being first, second and third respectively. Presently 19 nuclear power plants in India are there, which generates 4,560 MW (2.9% of total installed base) and 4 such power plants are in the pipeline and would be generating around 2,720 MW. India’s contribution in fusion development is done through its involvement in the ITER project.

MoU between India with Other Countries:

Since the beginning of 1990s, Russia has always been a chief supplier of nuclear fuel to the country of India. The deterioration of domestic uranium resources caused the decline of electricity production from nuclear energy in India by 12.83% during 2006 to 2008. The country has signed contracts regarding nuclear power with countries like France, United Kingdom, United States, Canada, Mongolia, Namibia, Kazakhstan and Argentina after the Nuclear Suppliers Group declared a waiver in September 2008 to allow India to commence worldwide nuclear trade. India even signed a $700 million agreement with Russia in February 2009 about 2000 tons nuclear fuel supply.

Nuclear Energy Growth in India:

Presently India aims at increasing the input of nuclear energy to the total electricity production from 4.2% to 9% by the next 25 years. The country’s capacity of installed nuclear energy production will rise to 6,000 MW. As per the report published in 2009, India holds the 9th position in regards to the count of operational nuclear energy reactors in the world and 9 are still under construction which includes 2 EPRs constructed by Areva in France. TAPS-3 and TAPS-4 are 540 MW atomic reactors of Indian origin. India’s $717 million venture of swift breeder reactor is likely to operate before the end of 2010.

India envisages a significant growth of its nuclear power industry in the recent future as according to the Indo-US nuclear agreement, India is allowed to carry out international trade of nuclear power and technologies so as to develop its capacity of power generation. During the operational phase of this deal, the country is expected to improve its total nuclear power production to 45,000 MW by generating an additional nuclear power of 25,000 MW by 2020.

Important news regarding Nuclear power plants in India

  • New Nuclear power plants – The Union Cabinet on May 18, 2017 has cleared the proposal of building of 10 new nuclear power plants to add 7000MW to India’s nuclear power generation capacity. These will be the indigenous 700 MW pressurised heavy water reactors.
  • India and Russia signed deal for two nuclear reactors – India and Russia signed a pact for setting up the last two units of the Kundankulam nuclear power plant with Moscow’s help in Tamil Nadu.

Facts about Nuclear Energy and Nuclear power plants

  • Nuclear energy originates from the splitting of uranium atoms – a process called fission. This generates heat to produce steam, which is used by a turbine generator to generate electricity. Because nuclear power plants do not burn fuel, they do not produce greenhouse gas emissions. With no carbon emissions, it will remain an important clean energy resource for the future.
  • Nuclear power plants operate in 31 countries. Most are in Europe, Northern America, East Asia and South Asia. France has the largest share of electricity generated by nuclear power. China has the fastest growing nuclear power program with 28 new reactors under construction.

List of Nuclear Power Plants in India

S.No Name of the power station State Operator Total capacity
1. Tarapur Atomic Power Station Maharashtra NPCIL 1,400
2. Kakrapar Atomic Power Station Gujarat NPCIL 440
3. Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant Tamil Nadu NPCIL 2,000
4. Kaiga Nuclear Power Plant Karnataka NPCIL 880
5. Madras Atomic Power Station Tamil Nadu NPCIL 440
6. Rajasthan Atomic Power Station Rajasthan NPCIL 1,180
7. Narora Atomic Power Station Uttar Pradesh NPCIL 440

The projects under construction are

S.No Power Station State Operator Total capacity
1. Rajasthan Unit 7 and 8 Rajasthan NPCIL 1,400
2. Kakrapar Unit 3 and 4 Gujarat NPCIL 1,400
3. Madras (Kalpakkam) Tamil Nadu NPCIL 500
4. Kudankulam Tamil Nadu NPCIL 2,000

The planned projects are:

S.No Power Station State Operator Total capacity
1. Jaitapur Maharashtra 9,900
2. Kovvada Andhra Pradesh 6,600
3. Gorakhpur Haryana NPCIL 2,800
4. Bhimpur Madhya Pradesh NPCIL 2,800
5. Mahi Banswara Rajasthan NPCIL 2,800
6. Kaiga Karnataka NPCIL 1,400
7. Chutka Madhya Pradesh NPCIL 1,400
8. Madras Tamil Nadu BHAVINI 1,200
9. Tarapur Maharashtra 300
10. t.b.d. (was Haripur) West Bengal 6,600
11. t.b.d. (was Mithi Virdi) Gujarat 6,600

We hope it would have helped you a lot in your competitive exam preparation. If you find any mistake in this article please feel free to report us through commenting section.

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